Galina Merzlyakova 1 , Larisa Batalova 2
Udmurt State University (Izhevsk, Russia);
1 PhD (Dr.Sc.) in History, Professor; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
2 PhD in History, Associate Professor; e-mail: email@example.com
ORGANIZATION OF EXCURSIONS FOR STUDENTS TO THE CRIMEA IN THE LATE 19th CENTURY AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY (Vyatka province is taken as an example)
Basing on the archives’ documents the article looks at the practice of organization of excursions for students to the Crimea in the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Excursion tourist experience of educational institutions in Vyatskaya province, Elabuga girls’ school in particular, is taken as an example to show the way how cultural and educational excursions for students to the Crimea were organized. Detailed account of one of the excursions to the Crimea, published in Vyatskaya diocesan record by one of the students, reveals the role of the Crimean mountain club in the development of cultural
and educational excursions for students. All the excursions were arranged in accordance with specially designed programmers under the supervision of the members of the Crimean club and were aimed at familiarizing students with natural and historical monuments in the Crimea. The article gives an example of one excursion itinerary. The author looks into innovative activities of the Crimean mountain club within the tourism industry of the given period. When looking at the Crimean mountain club activities, special attention is paid to its Yalta branch. Yalta branch pioneered organization of excursions for students in Russia. At that time student excursions were one-day trips in the vicinity of Yalta. Much attention is given to the main directions in the work of the Crimean mountain club branch in Yalta, that contributed to the development and popularization of cultural and educational excursions for students, to designing new itineraries and routes (walking, riding, sea, carriage and combined excursions). Moreover Yalta branch negotiated intensely with the suppliers of horses and carriage owners of accommodation and did their best
to make excursions for students cheaper.
Keywords: excursions for students, the Crimea, the Crimean mountain club, Yalta branch of the Crimean mountain club.