State Tyutchev Memorial estate «Mouranovo» (Moscow region, Russia); PhD in Art history, Deputy Director for Science and Research Programs; e-mail: email@example.com
THE MAIN INTEREST OF A MEMORIAL ESTATE FOR MODERN PEOPLE. SOME ASPECTS OF THE HISTORY OF MEMORIAL ESTATES IN RUSSIA
The article is dedicated to some problems of museum activity and tourism. The main idea of the work is conception and development of a literature museum in memorial context. There is historical and analytic review of a real meaning of Russian country estate for poets and writers in the 19th century in the article as well as a cultural aspect: from the basement of the traditions in country estate life at the end of the 17th century, through its functions in the 18th century, and at the end presentation of country estate culture in the literature of golden age in Russia. The article classifies the structure of the memorial estate complex, observes Russian country estate evolution from the 18th till the early 20th century, defines several types of Russian country estate and its historical and current importance.
A memorial estate or reserve museum activity represents a comprehensive approach which is realized by museum keepers, animators and guides. A special thing is an excursion for single visitors or family groups and individual programs. The article characterizes the activities of the literature memorial estate and defines a specialization of its projects. The State Tyutchev Memorial estate «Mouranovo» is considered as a unique museum represented in European tradition of memorial estate culture.
Keywords: memorial estate, literature museum, memorial museum, museum complex and museum activity.