Viktor N. Tkachenko
National historical-ethnographic reserve «Pereyaslav» (Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky, Kiev region, Ukraine); PhD in History, Scientific Secretary; e-mail: email@example.com
SOME QUESTIONS OF REGIONAL PAINTING OF EASTER EGGS IN UKRAINE: SOURCE STUDIES ASPECT
The article is devoted to painting of Easter eggs (pisanki) in Ukraine – a kind of national artistic trades. Research is based on study of archival scientific funds of manuscripts and phonorecording of the Rylsky Institute of Art History, Folklore Studies and Ethnology under NAS.
The author analyzed and published the various funds from Archives. It was found that among others, the materials with the information about the manufacture of Easter eggs – pisanki, as well as their use in rituals and beliefs of the Ukrainians is stored. Among them – the materials not only from all regions of Ukraine, but also from Russia (in particular, the information from the Yaroslavl Province have been studied). Author certifies the existence of Easter eggs in different regions of the country.
The article considers the messages from ethnographic regions of Ukraine – Carpathians, Podlasie, Boikovsina, Zhytomyr region, Lviv region, Vinnitsa region, and Chernigov region. The author had processed personal funds of E. Spassky, P. Litvinova, Vl. Kravchenko, G. Tantsyura and materials of M. Sumtsov, L. Demian and other researchers that are stored in different funds.
Researched documents allow distinguishing the following groups of sources: epistolary, handwritten, printed, and illustrative. It greatly enriches source studies base of Ukrainian painting of Easter eggs of the twentieth century as the kind national artistic trades.
Keywords: archive, storage units, techniques of making, regional peculiarities, Easter eggs (pisanka), Easter.