Home » Ad Board » 2017 » 2017_01

08.12.2017, 20:55

Russian

UDC 528.9:912.44
DOI: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-1-35-42

Andrey A. MEDVEDEVa,
Natalia А. ALEKSEENKO
b,
Maksim K. VASEV
c
Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia): 
a) PhD in Geography; e-mail: a.a.medvedeff@gmail.com;  
b) PhD in Geography, junior researcher; e-mail: valtuz@mail.ru; 
c) Engineer; e-mail: vasv_maksim@rambler.ru  


THE ROLE OF TOURIST TACTILE PRODUCTS IN THE FORMATION OF ACCESSIBLE URBAN ENVIRONMENT


For the Winter Olympics in Sochi 2014 the works to adapt the urban environment for people with vision disabilities have been carried out. In particular, the system of stands with tactile navigation maps has been established in the city. People with vision disabilities are usually regarded as persons with limited mobility: they have serious difficulties with the independent movement and gaining information. Stands with tactile navigation maps helps blind people orient themselves in unfamiliar areas. The authors analyze quality of stands using the experience that have been gained in the creation of tactile cartographic products for the blind.
The article provides basic information about the features of perception of visually impaired persons, production technologies and features of tactile maps that affect the process of using the stands.
The article concluded that all tourist mnemonic schemes have room for improvement. Totally blind people cannot use them on their own. Visually impaired people can use the mnemonic schemes, but the effectiveness of their use will be reduced. The authors point out the necessity of the development of a standard that would regulate the preparation of cartographic products for the blind people.

Keywords: navigation maps, visually impaired persons, tactile graphics.


References 

1. Kjonig, P. (2007). Rukovodstvo po izgotovleniju taktil'noj grafiki [Guidelines for the production of tactile graphics]. St. Petersburg: GUK Library for the blind. (In Russ.).
2. Sköld, B. Ch., & Norberg, A. (2008). Illjustrirovannye knigi dlja slepyh i slabovidjashhih detej [Tactile picture books for blind and visually impaired children]. In “Deti s narushenijami zrenija: osobennosti risovanija i izgotovlenija taktil'nyh izobrazhenij [The Swedish library of talking books and Braille]”. St. Petersburg: GUK Library for the blind. (In Russ.).
3. Medvedev, A. A., Alekseenko, N. A., & Vasev, M. K. (2016). Taktil'nyj atlas Moskvy – kompleksnoe kartograficheskoe proizvedenie dlja nezrjachih [The tactile atlas of Moscow – complex cartographical atlas of the urban area for visually impared persons]. Geodezija i kartografija [Geodesy and Cartography], (7), 8-14. doi: 10.22389/0016-7126-2016-913-7-8-14. (In Russ.).
4. Poppe, K. (2004). Guidebook Setting the stage for tactile understanding: Making tactile pictures make sense. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind.
5. Yvonne, E. (1999). How to make tactile pictures understandable to the blind reader. In “65th IFLA Council and General Conference; Bangkok, Thailand, 20 - 28 August, 1999”. Bangkok.
6. Norman, J. (2003). Tactile picture books: Their importance for young blind children. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 21(3), 111-114.
7. Wright, S. (2008). Guide to Designing Tactile Illustrations for Children's Books. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Bind.
8. Wright, S., & Stratton, J. M. (2007). On the way to literacy: Early experiences for children with visual impairments. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind.


Bibliographic description 

  • Medvedev, A. A., Alekseenko, N. А., & Vasev, M. K. (2017). The role of tourist tactile products in the formation of accessible urban environment. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 11(1), 35-42. doi: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-1-35-42 (In Russ.). 

Views: 88
Total comments: 0
avatar