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08.12.2017, 18:43

Russian

UDC 338.48
DOI: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-2-40-46

Ayham N. KHWAJA
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs (Vladimir, Russia);
PhD in Economics, Assistant Professor; e-mail: tourism@laposte.net


THE PROBLEMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HISTORIC CITIES


The article is devoted to studying sustainable development of historical cities. The author considers the concept of a historical city on the basis of international documents, and specifies the following groups of factors of negative impact on the historical cities: 1. Human factors; 2. Geographical, natural and climatic factors; 3. Demographic and migration factors.
The article reveals the role and importance of government, business, the third sector and science in the context of the mechanism which provides sustainable development of historic cities.
The article considers the necessity of development of cultural tourism as an integrated approach and one of the main tools for the development of historical cities and the expediency of integrating stakeholders into a cultural tourism cluster to ensure integrated sustainable development.

Keywords: historical cities, sustainable development, integration, tourism, cluster.


References 

1. Afanasiev, O. E. (2016). Mirovoj opyt ohrany sel'skih destinacij kak ob’ektov Vsemirnogo kul'turnogo nasledija // Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Protection of the rural destinations as the World Cultural Heritage Sites: International practices]. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Services in Russia and Abroad], 10(7), 18-33. doi: 10.12737/21818. (In Russ.).
2. Afanasiev, O. E. (2016). Shedevry ustnogo i nematerial'nogo kul'turnogo nasledija chelovechestva: rol' i funkcii v turizme [Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity: The role and function in tourism]. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 10(3), 7-17. doi: 10.12737/21095. (In Russ.).
3. Ovsyannikov, V. P., & Yakunin, V. N. (2014). Tradicionnoe kul'turnoe nasledie v molodyh industrial'nyh gorodah [Traditional cultural heritage in young industrial cities]. Baltijskij gumanitarnyj zhurnal [Baltic Humanitarian Journal], 1, 58-62. (In Russ.).
4. Khwaja, A. N. (2016). Проблемы и перспективы развития культуры и музейного туризма в странах «Арабской весны» [Problems and promising directions of culture and museum tourism in the countries of the «Arab spring»]. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 10(2), 72-78. doi: 10.12737/19507. (In Russ.).
5. Yakunin, V. N. (2014). Vidy turizma: istoriografija problemy [Types of tourism: historiography problems]. In coll.: Zapad – Rossija – Vostok [West – Russia – East], 8, 499-517. (In Russ.).
6. Lourenço, P. B., Luso, E., & Almeida, M. G. (2006). Defects and moisture problems in buildings from historical city centres: a case study in Portugal. Building and Environment, 41(2), 223-234. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.01.001.


Bibliographic description 

  • Khwaja, A. N. (2017). The problems of sustainable development of historic cities. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 11(2), 40-46. doi: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-2-40-46 (In Russ.). 

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