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08.12.2017, 03:16

Russian

UDC 338:504
DOI: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-4-27-37

Svetlana I. MISHULINA
Institute of Natural and Technical Systems (Sochi, Russia);
PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher; e-mail: MISHulSV@yandex.ru


THE "GREEN" TOURISM DEVELOPMENT FACTORS


Difficulties states faced in the implementing the sustainable development concept, the new challenges caused by financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009 which are considered by most experts as the systemic one, require serious modernization of the sustainable socio-economic development strategies on all management levels. Search for the ways of the strategies adjustment and new mechanisms of their implementation has resulted in the fundamental change of the economic model, the transition from “brown” to “green” economy based on the principles of economic security, the resources efficiency and social justice.
International organizations such as the United Nations Organization (UN), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the UN Environmental Program (UNEP), the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) consider tourism to be one of the ten key sectors of the global economy which green innovative modernization is able to ensure the transition to the new economic model and “green” economic growth.
The analysis of the results of the international and national structures’ activity aimed at the greening of the global economy and tourism lets us make the following conclusions. Firstly, there are still some research, theoretical and methodological problems linked with setting aims, objectives, and conditions for green economy transition, with the development of common system of indicators and indexes for the assessment of the achievements of the countries. Secondly, Russia’s active role in the processes will not only ensure the ecological security of its socio-economic development, but will determine competitiveness of the Russian economy and tourism as its sector in the long run.
The active role, in its turn, involves the creation of scientifically proven target system, the green strategies for socio-economic development, the arrangement of conditions, techniques and tools for their implementation. The article analyzes the basic factors and conditions for the transition to the green economy and greening of tourism industry in Russia.

Keywords: sustainable development, green economy, green tourism, green tourism industry.


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Bibliographic description 

  • Mishulina, S. I. (2017). The "Green" tourism development factors. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 11(4), 27-37. doi: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-4-27-37 (In Russ.). 

| Tags: green tourism, sustainable development, green tourism industry, green economy
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