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08.12.2017, 03:25


UDC 911.9:502
DOI: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-4-38-46

Alexander A. DOROFEEVa,
Tver State University (Tver, Russia):
 a) PhD in Geography, Assistant Professor; e-mail: adgeograf@mail.ru;  
b) PhD (Dr.Sc.) in Geography, Assistant Professor; e-mail: lpbogdanova@gmail.com;  
c) PhD in Geography, Assistant Professor; e-mail: revoldovna@gmail.com


The concept of "ecological tourism" both in the world and in Russia has appeared in the second half of the twentieth century, although people traveled with natural-focused purposes, including around the protected areas, much earlier. The article presents several definitions of ecotourism, including the two given by the authors. The authors note that ecotourism can be developed in two ways: as a journey on any remaining natural areas or as tour, excursion exclusively within specially protected natural areas (SPNA). The second option is successfully developed in many English-speaking countries. The article confirms this fact using the original modern data on the dynamics of visits to the most famous national parks in the USA. Based on the analysis of literature and Internet sources it is concluded that the governance of the Russian Federation considers it necessary to develop eco-tourism in our country according to the second "North American" concept. In this case, the people attending the state protected areas – national parks and reserves with educational and recreational goals should be considered as eco-tourists. Based on this assumption the authors of the article give modern official data concerning the number of specially protected areas of different types in Russia as main destinations of ecotourism. The article presents the diagrams showing the quantitative characteristics of the infrastructure for ecotourists in specially protected areas: visitor centers, museums, ecological paths and routes. The dynamics of tourist arrivals in the reserves and national parks of Russia for the period 2001-2016 years is analyzed. In the final part of the article the main problems of eco-tourists recording are identified.

Кeywords: state reserve, national park, ecological tourism, ecotourist, specially protected natural territories.


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Bibliographic description 

  • Dorofeev, A. A., Bogdanova, L. P., & Khokhlova, E. R.  (2017). Ecotourism in Russia: main destinations and tourist arrivals. Sovremennye problemy servisa i turizma [Service and Tourism: Current Challenges], 11(4), 38-46. doi: 10.22412/1995-0411-2017-11-4-38-46 (In Russ.). 

| Tags: ecological tourism, ecotourist, state reserve, specially protected natural territo, national park
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